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Ghana’s SHS system sets numerous students up for Failure : it needs a re-evaluate

Ghana’s SHS system sets numerous students up for Failure : it needs a re-evaluate

All over the planet, instructive exploration has found that students'(understudy’s) accomplishment and encounters generally rely upon which school they join in and the assets accessible to help learning. Instructive approaches generally decide the conveyance of assets to schools and an understudy’s decision of school could be restricted by these arrangements.

In Ghana, auxiliary schools are assembled into classifications in light of their presentation in the West Africa Secondary School Certificate Examination. This is a school-leaving test that grade 12 understudies take prior to advancing to tertiary foundations. A few schools are better resourced in view of their set of experiences and the largesse of past understudies. They use organizations to assemble framework and give key learning assets that the public authority doesn’t give.

Understudies are put in a classification of school in light of their test results toward the finish of grade 9(JHS 3). Understudies with low scores are generally positioned in under-resourced schools (classification C). Understudies with high scores are for the most part positioned in better-enriched schools (A and B).

GES launches Manual on Inclusive Education( Changing perspectives: Inclusive schools in inclusive communities)

Along these lines, assuming an individual performs ineffectively in grade 9 the person is put in a school that additionally will in general really do inadequately in grade 12.

The Ghana Education Service 2020 report uncovered that in 76% of senior secondary schools caught in the report, less than a portion of the understudies finished the school leaving test. This makes sense of why just 8% of schools are in classification A.

Categorisation of understudies in light of scholastic accomplishments has been recorded as prodding imbalances. It supports generalizing, separation, and underestimation.

This impact seems to show in the way that around 46% of the understudies who meet all requirements for tertiary instruction in Ghana are from the top 20% of senior secondary schools. Just 8% of understudies from the base 20% of the schools meet all requirements for tertiary instruction.

Against this foundation, we analyzed how optional school categorisation in Ghana shapes understudies’ learning and tutoring encounters. Our review examined the encounters of understudies in various senior secondary school classifications.

We found that understudies in less supplied schools had lower confidence than understudies in additional blessed schools. Classification C understudies had good expectations about their scholarly capacities. Interestingly, understudies in the most esteemed schools revealed that they were more sure about their scholarly capacities. They accepted they were better positioned to succeed scholastically and consequently felt exceptionally energetic to learn.

Gathering schools into classes demolishes imbalances and we accept this framework ought to end.

Understudy inspiration

We talked with 20 understudies altogether: nine guys and 11 females matured 18 to 20. They were signed up for government-subsidized auxiliary schools. Utilizing top to bottom, unstructured meetings, we welcomed understudies to share their encounters of going to classifications A, B or C schools, their learning inspiration and how their encounters molded their learning.

We tracked down that understudies’ inspiration to learn varied essentially founded on the classification of school they joined in.

Every one of the members in the underestimated schools revealed low inspiration to learn. They were anxious to change schools assuming they possessed the ability to do as such. A recent report found that well-to-do guardians capitalized on their money related leverage to get situation for their wards in better schools. Those in class C schools referred to scholarly execution, the nature of educating and learning, the assets accessible and negative local area view of their school as explanations behind needing to move.

Alternately, every one of the understudies in exceptionally esteemed schools announced that they were inspired to learn and liked to remain in their schools in light of the renown, nature of instructors, high scholastic capacities of their friends and the accessibility of training assets that advanced long lasting learning.

A focal subject that rose up out of the meetings was inconsistencies in instructing and learning assets. At the point when the members asked impacted their scholastic work, every one of the understudies in class C schools insinuated weaknesses in educating and learning materials, actual framework, for example, science asset focuses or lab and PC access. Those in class A and B schools revealed that their schools were exceptional with assets which advanced learning.

Understudies in class C schools detailed that the greater part of their educators saw them to be less clever than those in esteemed schools. Classification An and B understudies answered that they accepted their instructors had exclusive requirements of their scholarly capacities and upheld them to prevail in their learning.

Every one of the understudies in class C schools said their networks’ insights and convictions about their schools were for the most part demotivating. Individuals – including their folks – didn’t have elevated standards of their scholarly exhibition. They had proactively been named “not adequate”. Understudies in class A and B schools revealed a story that tip top schools produce the best and most splendid understudies in the country.

Impacts of the classification framework

In Ghana’s optional educational system, putting an understudy in a class C school is equivalent to setting the understudy on a way of scholarly and social disappointment on the grounds that these schools have less assets and record less fortunate scholastic outcomes in the school leaving test.

As a result, understudies who might require backing to prevail in their tutoring are set in schools that are under-resourced. Following three years of optional training, these understudies who face twofold minimization are expected to accept similar tests as understudies in better-prepared schools, to keep on posting auxiliary instruction. A couple of understudies from classification C increase entrance into higher learning establishments.

Class C understudies are confined from getting to the potential open doors that accompany advanced education. They additionally have lower certainty and regard.


The review’s example size was somewhat little, thusly discoveries can’t be summed up. By and by, this study has given an underlying comprehension of understudies’ encounters.

It shows that the lacking assets in low performing schools represent a significant obstruction to scholastic achievement. Gathering schools into classes likewise intensifies disparities by empowering individuals to victimize understudies in low positioned schools.

Accordingly, the appropriation of understudies and assets ought to be more fair. We suggest that the arrangement of classifications in view of test results ought to be eliminated. Each understudy ought to have the valuable chance to be signed up for well resourced auxiliary schools.

David Baidoo-Anu, PhD Candidate, Queen’s University, Ontario; Kenneth Gyamerah, PhD Candidate, Queen’s University, Ontario, and Timothy Chanimbe, PhD Candidate, Hong Kong Baptist University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons permit. 

Source: The Conversation/


Peter N. Djangmah is a multifaceted individual with a passion for education, entrepreneurship, and blogging. With a firm belief in the power of digital education and science, I am affectionately known as the Private Minister of Information. Connect with me
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