Tertiary Admissions/ Updates

Principles and Practice of Teaching

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1. Which of the following views is held by educators who believe that teaching is a science?

A. Researches on teaching follow the scientific principle

B. Teaching involves specific laws and principles

C. Teaching can be viewed as a discipline which requires extensive study.

D. The role of teachers are similar to the role of scientist

 

2. Which of the following views is held by educators who believe that teaching is an art?

A. Effective teachers have natural instincts for teaching

B. Effective teachers have several artistic displays on their walls

C. Effective teachers coordinate their classroom activities every well

D. Effective teachers have good behavior.

 

3. Which of the following skills is the most important for effective teachers?

A. Decision taking

B. Visual illustrations

C. Identifying difficult pupils

D. Changing tasks

 

4. Which of the following factors is the most crucial in planning instruction?

A. The school management practices that exist.

B. The number of teachers available to deliver instruction

C. The nature of school plant and equipment

D. The entering behavior of the pupils

 

5. The three main parts or elements of instruction are….

A. Introduction, body and conclusion

B. Planning implementation and evaluation

C. Planning, executing, and monitoring

D. Design, development and implementation

 

6. Which of the following is NOT a factor in planning instruction?

A. The instructor

B. Performance assessment

C. Instructional procedure

D. Instructional objectives

 

7. Which document helps the teacher to know in advance the amount of work he has to do each term, week and day?

A. Instructional plan

B. Syllabus

C. Scheme of work

D. Lesson notebook

 

8. What kind of lesson is used to teach formulae, laws and principles?

A. A developmental lesson

B. An inductive or deductive lesson

C. An appreciation lesson

D. A skill lesson

 

10. Which of the following is the greatest benefit of the activity method

A. It gives children the chance to exert physical energy

B. It enables children to practice what they learn

C. It enables children to talk about the things they learn

D. It makes children live in a world of their own

 

11. In younger children, learning through play is beneficial because it

promotes……….

A. Child Interaction with teacher

B. Child maturation as they exercise

C. Child learning through experimentation

D. Child participation in learning decisions

 

12. One benefit of using games in teaching is…..

A. To practice a skill taught

B. To develop the competitive spirit in education

C. To develop children’s self confidence

D. To create cooperation in learning

 

13. Which method of teaching is used when children are made to act out can better understand actions and events they are learning about?

A. Educational games

B. Simulations

C. Discovery learning

D. Inquiry learning

 

14. Which of the following is most important in problem solving?

A. The teacher’s commitment to find a solution to the problem

B. The action the child put up in solving the problem

C. The questions the child will ask about the problem

D. The kind of thinking the child develops about the problem

 

15. Which of the following names is most appropriate for the project and problem-solving methods of teaching?

A. Teacher-centered methods

B. Didactic methods

C. Group methods

D. Pupil- centered methods

 

16. Which of the following methods of teaching relies more on the experience of the pupil?

A. Discovery method

B. Reception method

C. Lecture method

D. Expository method

 

17. Which of the following methods of teaching involves collecting and organization of information

A. Expository method

B. Socratic dialogue

C. Problem solving methods

D. Discussion

 

18. Which of the following activity methods requires pre-activity and post-activity discussions?

A. Problem solving

B. Field trips

C. Buzz method

D. Lecture method

 

19. Which of the following methods of teaching follows the scientific method of investigation most?

A. Discovery method

B. Project method

C. Brainstorming method

D. Scientific teaching method

 

25. If a teacher desires to help pupils to construct their own meanings to what they are learning, then the appropriate method to use is the Methods.

A. Demonstration

B. Case Study

C. Lecture

D. Discussion

 

26. There are two forms of discussion in teaching. These are known as

A. Whole class and roundtable

B. Debates and panel

C. Plenary and presentation

D. Small group and whole class

 

27. When does “feedback” occur in the lesson?

A. Only when a lesson has been supervised

B. Only after an exercise has been marked

C. Throughout the lesson

D. Following closure activities

 

28. The type of board on which cut-outs and pictures can be stuck for the purpose of teaching in class is known as..

A. Bulletin

B. Flannel board

C. Chalk board

D. Sticker board

 

29. Which of the following is the best definition for a class exercise?

A. A task given to pupils on a physical education field

B. A question or set of questions given to pupils to answer for practice

C. A short test to be given to pupils in class and to be exchanged and marked

D. A question or set of questions given to pupils and need not to be marked

 

30. One benefit of using instructional materials is that they…….

A. Make it better for the teacher to sequence teaching

B. Make the teacher pass on the work to the pupils

C. Enable pupils to communicate with each other and teacher

D. None of the above

 

37. What is the main reason for the use of the activity methods in teaching primary school children?

A. They are crucial to learning

B. They make children hardworking

C. Children can be engaged for a long time

D. The child has an inner desire for activity

 

38. Which principle of learning is being applied when a teacher provides similarities between old and new topics in the course of teaching?

A. Multiple response

B. Mental set

C. Analogy

D. Partial activity

 

39. Which of the following methods of Instruction most emphasizes the organization and sequencing of information?

A. Discussion

B. Inquiry

C. Expository

D. Simulation

 

40. What was the name of the great philosopher who has been associated with the questioning technique in teaching?

A. Herbert

B. Aristotle

C. Quintilian

D. Trial and error

 

 

41. Another name for reception learning is….teaching

A. Expository

B. Discovery

C. Hierarchical

D. Trial and error

 

42. Which of the following definitions of teaching is most suitable?

A. “The art of imparting ideas into somebody who does not now about them”

B. “The activity of helping learners in a classroom to gain knowledge”

C. “The actions of someone who is trying to assist others to reach their potential”

D. “The informal activity of inculcating skills and values into young minds”

 

51. The term given to activities that are carried out in the classroom on a daily basis is

A. Daily

B. Scheduled

C. Routine

D. Regular

 

52. The effective teaching of new concepts, relationship or principles depends on the ability of teacher to use……..

A. Clear speech

B. Body language

C. Examples

D. Interaction

 

53. Multi grade teaching is a situation where…………

A. Several teachers handle different subjects in the same class

B. Seminars are held for pupils in all classes in the same school

C. One teacher teaches pupils of different classes at the same time

D. Children who excel are made to skip one grade to a higher one

 

54. Which of the following strategies is most useful when you are introducing a new topic?

A. Lecture

B. Discussion

C. Case study

D. Drill

 

55. A small group technique of teaching that is used to foster positive interdependence among pupils as they work and learn together is known as ……….

A. Dyad learning

B. Buzz groups

C. Task groups

D. Co-operative learning

 

56. Which of the following is a simulation technique in teaching?

A. Case study

B. Field trip

C. Demonstration

D. Task learning

 

57. Which of the following is a purpose of lesson evaluation?

A. To find out if the objectives have been achieved

B. To compare pupils performance

C. To determine the characteristics of learners and content

D. To identify the appropriate instructional materials to use

 

58. What is the first step in the traditional lesson structure proposed by the great educator called Herbat?

A. Explain new materials to pupils

B. Give pupils orientation to the lesson

C. Question pupils

D. Revise previous knowledge

 

59. What is the first step in the current lesson structure proposed by the educational psychologist called Slavin?

A. Explain new materials to pupils

B. Give pupils orientation to the lesson

C. Question pupils

D. Revise previous knowledge

 

60. Which one of the following factors is crucial in using rewards and praise in motivating pupils in a lesson?

A. Varying the praises and rewards

B. Ensure that everyone gets a fair share

C. Praise all correct responses

D. Consider gender in distributing praises

 

61. Study this question carefully. “What is the cause of the harmattan we experience between November and January “? What type of question is this?

A. Productive

B. Probing

C. Convergent

D. Divergent

 

63. What is the name given to the kind of questions the aim at improving or expanding a pupil’s initial response?

A. Convergent

B. Divergent

C. Productive

D. Probing

 

64. The effective teaching of new concepts, relationship or principles depends on the ability of teachers to use………

A. Clear speech

B. Body language

C. Examples

D. Interaction

 

65. Which of the following best defines an educational game?

A. Competitive activity in the classroom

B. An educational activity with the intention to amuse pupils

C. An educational activity involving two or more pupils

D. An educational activity with a goal, rules and fun

 

66. Which of the following methods of teaching requires pupil planning?

A. Problem solving

B. Discussion

C. Case study

D. Role play

 

68. Which of the following ideas explains teaching as an art?

A. The existing of a step by step procedure

B. The involvement of people to whom knowledge is imparted

C. The involvement of instincts in imparting knowledge

D. Evoking peoples interests you impart knowledge

 

69. Instruction has three legs. These are planning, evaluation and

A. Dissemination

B. Activity

C. Discussion

D. Implementation

 

70. Which of these should be the first factor to consider when planning instruction?

A. Instructional procedure

B. Entering behavior

C. Performance assessment

D. Instructional objectives

 

71. Which of the following is a reason for the teacher to acquire instructional skills?

A. To organize routine activities

B. To make efficient use of lesson delivery time

C. To effectively confer with parents on children’s problem

D. To ensure harmony in the school

 

72. Which of the following is a characteristic of discovery learning?

A. The teacher organizes learning and presents it to pupils

B. The pupils work individually to solve a problem

C. The pupils are required to organize the information themselves

D. All of the above

 

75. Which one of the following is a true characteristic of the project method?

A. It results in the creation of something tangible

B. It involves a long term activity usually covering a school term

C. It employs a trial and error approach to arrive at a solution

D. A project does not need to end successfully, but learning still occurs from the process

 

76. Which of the following methods most encourages pupil to pupil interaction in teaching?

A. Project methods

B. Problem-solving method

C. Role playing method

D. Case study method

 

77. In which types of field trips are pupils made aware of the tasks they are going to perform?

A. Organized field trips

B. Structured field trips

C. Teacher-led field trips

D. The expository method

 

78. The teaching method whereby the teacher leads pupils through carefully planned sequence of activities to arrive at learning is known as

A. The deductive method

B. Guided discovery method

C. The lesson method

D. The expository method

 

79. Which of the following is a characteristic of the lecture method of teaching?

A. The learners do not ask questions

B. There is no use of instructional materials

C. There is no interaction whatsoever between pupils

D. None of the above

 

80. Which of the following is the most important feature of the teacher-led discussion method of teaching?

A. The teacher has a specific point of view and wants pupils to discuss it

B. The teacher engages the pupils in talking freely about a lesson topic lead their discussions.

C. The teacher puts pupils into groups, then gives each group a topic and goes round to

D. Low and high order questions

 

81. Which of the following is not a known classification of teacher’s questions in a lesson?

A. Specific and general questions

B. Convergent and divergent questions

C. Narrow and broad questions

D. Low and high order questions

 

82. Which of the following is best defined by the statement “a process by which information, skills or concepts are communicated from the teacher to pupils”?

A. A morning assembly

B. A teaching method

C. A lesson

D. None of the above

 

83. One explanation of child-centred learning is that A. Children’s needs should determine what is to be learnt

B. It is an over sentimental attitude towards children

C. The subject to be learnt should be considered

D. The teacher’s knowledge of the subject-matter is important

 

84. One characteristic of good teaching is to

A. Severely punish learners who misbehave in class B. Be stern on pupils

C. Take absolute control of the learning process

D. Be very lively and friendly to learners

 

85. All the following are types of non-verbal communication except

A. Body movement

B. Gestures

C. Head movement

D. Speaking

 

86. The acquisition of instructional skills will help reduce misbehavior of pupils, because the enlightened teacher

A. Can punish the pupils

B. Can occupy the children in play activities

C. Will adequately engage the pupils

D. Will drive the pupils from the class

 

87. One disadvantage of individualized teaching is that

A. Pupils learn to be independent and responsible

B. It allows the teacher to set exercises for all students

C. It is most suitable for reading lessons

 

88. The first stage in problem solving is

A. Defining the problem by explaining it

B. Generating several alternative solutions

C. Selecting possible solution

D. Putting selected solutions to work

 

89. Another name of small group is

A. Dalton plan

B. Dyad

C. Individuals

D. Whole class

 

90. Which of the following is not a feature of co-operative learning?

A. It is characterized by face to face interaction

B. It develops individuality in the learner

C. It leads to the development of social skills

D. There is positive interdependence

 

91. In a lesson about the hospital in basic 1, the teacher prepared two pupils, one to act and speak like a doctor to behave like a patient. The teaching method involved here is

A. Forum

B. Game

C. Pantomime

D. Role play

 

92. The method involved in a process in which the teacher wrote and explained some mathematical examples on the chalkboard is

A. Demonstration

B. Game

C. Role play

D. Simulation

 

93. What method is involved in a grammar lesson in which the teacher guides her pupils to make simple statements in which all words of action are underlined to lead a conclusion that the underlined words are verbs?

A. Deductive method

B. Demonstration method

C. Inductive method

D. Problem solving method

 

94. One advantage of the expository methods is that it

A. Is motivational B. Offers a rigid structure

C. Promotes high retention

D. Saves time

 

95. The type of field trips that pupils are made aware of the tasks they are going to perform is

A. Organized field trips

B. Purposeful field trips

C. Structure field trips

D. Teacher-led field trips

 

 

96. The method that most encourages pupil to pupil interaction in teaching is

A. Case study method

B. Problem-solving method

C. Project method

D. Role playing method

 

97. Which one of the following is a true characteristic of the project method?

A. A project does not need to end successfully, but learning still occurs from the process

B. It employs a trial and error approach to arrive at a solution

C. It involves a long term activity usually covering a school term

D. It results in the creation of something tangible.

 

98. Which one of these is a principle of the project method of teaching?

A. The project must be related to the school community

B. The project must not be forced on the school community

C. The teacher needs to constantly a direct the process of the project

D. The time must span the term for the project to be fully completed

 

99. The classroom interaction in which the learner is most likely to be passive is

A. Group Interaction

B. Group project

C. Individual interaction

D. Whole class interaction

 

100. One characteristic of discovery learning is that

A. The pupils are required to organize the information themselves

B. The pupils need not consult the teacher

C. The pupils work individually to solve a problem

D. The teacher organizes learning and presents it to pupils

 

101. The first factor to consider when planning instructions is

A. Entry behavior

B. Instructional objectives

C. Instructional procedure

D. Performance assessment

 

102. The name given to factual, empirical, productive and evaluative questions is

A. Didactic questions

B. Domain based questions

C. Mental operation questions

D. Specific questions

 

103. Which of the following is not a known classification of teacher a questions in a lesson is

A. Convergent and divergent questions

B. Low and high order questions

C. Narrow and broad questions

D. Specific and general questions

 

 

104. The type of case study in which pupils are encouraged to take a stance on the case and defend it is known as

A. Critical incident study

B. Focused case study

C. Injunctive case study

D. Reflective case study

 

105. the most important feature of the teacher-led discussion method of teaching is whereby…………

A. The pupils raise the questions and the teacher floats them to the class for a discussion

B. The teacher engages the pupils in speaking freely about a lesson topic

C. The teacher has a specific point of view and wants pupils to discuss it.

D. The teacher puts into groups, then gives each group a topic and goes round to lead their discussions

 

106. The method of teaching that relles more on the experiences of the pupils is

A. Discovery method

B. Expository method

C. Lecture method

D. Reception method

 

117. The three main parts of instruction are planning, evaluation and ..

A. Activity

B. Discussion

C. Dissemination

D. Implementation

 

118. Which of the following is a feature of co-operative learning?

A. Centralized decision making

B. Establishing hierarchies of activity

C. Individual and group accountability

D. Positive independence

 

119. The following are laws of learning except

A. Effect

B. Exercise

C. Response

D. Readiness

 

120. In which of the following teaching activities is report writing required of pupils?

A. Discussion

B. Fieldwork

C. Problem solving

D. Role play

 

121. In which type of classroom interaction does the teacher instruct, or manage the class as one unit?

A. Individual interaction

B. Small group Interaction

C. Pairs interaction

D. Whole class interaction

 

122. At which stage of lesson presentation are advance organizers used?

A. Conclusion stage

B. Development stage

C. Introduction stage

D. Lesson preparation stage

 

123. “Teaching materials” is an alternative name for…

A. Agencies of education

B. Instructional media

C. Printed materials

D. Sources of knowledge

 

124. Which of the following cannot be considered as a kind of lesson?

A. Appreciation lesson

B. Development lesson

C. Multigrade lesson

D. Revision lesson

 

125. A good teacher must be strong in…..

A. Evaluation and assessment

B. Oral and visual communication

C. Planning and organizing

D. Subject content and delivery strategies

 

126. Which of the following is not a characteristic of a good teacher?

A. Accepting and applying pupils suggestion

B. Being lively and friendly

C. Being sensitive to pupils needs

D. Being stern and firm

 

127. Which of the following is a factor to consider when seating pupils in the classroom?

A. Leaderships

B. Punishment

C. Reward

D. Visual problems

 

128. Which of the following documents directs the teacher to the topic to teach termly, weekly and daily?

A. Instructional materials

B. Lesson plan

C. Scheme of work

D. Syllabus

 

129. Which of the following is not a merit of group interaction?

A. It breaks monotony of classroom teaching

B. It is flexible

C. It is time saving

D. Pupils work as a term

 

144. The lesson which is very ideal for the teaching of formulae, laws and principles is………lesson.

A. A developmental

B. A skill

C. An appreciation

D. An Inductive or deductive

 

145. The involvement of instincts in imparting knowledge, explains teaching as an art. This means that…….

A. It is like picture making

B. It is not a serious activity

C. We acquire the skill through leaning

D. We are born with the skill

 

146. The use of games in teaching is beneficial in practicing a skill taught. The implication is that children learn through

A. Competition

B. Dancing

C. Mathematics

D. Play

 

147. The teacher’s subject matter knowledge and teaching skills can be described as his……

A. Humility and respect for others

B. Love for the profession

C. Professional competence

D. Punctuality and attitude

 

148. The statement of knowledge and skills the teacher wants pupils to demonstrate at the end of a lesson is termed an objective. This helps

A. Administration

B. Analyze

C. Diagnose

D. Evaluation

 

149. Which of the following statements best defines as educational game?

A. An activity involving two or more pupils in competition

B. An activity with a goal, rules and fun

C. An activity an intention to amuse pupils

D. A competitive activity with an educational objective

 

150. The method of instruction that is teacher-centered is the lecture. An example is

A. Students dramatize the story of the good Samaritan

B. Students survey the market to find out about prices of tomatoes

C. Teacher tells students about “The slave trade”

D. There is a small group discussion about “The Vulture”

 

151. The use of activity methods in teaching primary school is useful because….

A. Children can be engaged for a long time

B. The child has a Inner desire for activity

C. They make children hard working

D. They are crucial to learning

 

152. One role of the teacher’s question’s during teaching is to involve pupils in the lesson.

What does this imply?

A. Pupils will be attentive

B. Pupils will be call at the teacher

C. Pupils will address their mates

D. Pupils will speak to their friends

 

153. One strength of the individual method of teaching is that it develops initiative and independence among pupils. What is the final goal?

A. It builds confidence

B. It develops morals

C. It instills discipline

 

154. Which of the following activities will be a good one after a fieldtrip?

A. Class discussion of the trip

B. Collection pupils notebooks and vetting them

C. Pupils exchanging notebooks to compare information

D. Selection individuals to report what they learnt

 

155. Which of the following is an important characteristic of an instructional objective?

A. It must be detailed enough so that a substitute teacher can use it

B. It must be less specific in terms of content

C. It must include examples of the teacher’s intentions

D. It must specify the condition under which pupils would display learning

 

156. A class exercise is defined as a question or set of question given to pupils to answer for practice.

What does this imply?

A. It is an assignment not to be marked

B. It is a field task in physical education only

C. It is a test for the pupils

D. It is any class work under teacher supervision

 

162. Which orientation of teaching stresses on the application of systematically tested theories and approaches?

A. An art

B. Instruction

C. Science

D. Principles

 

163. Indicate the factor among the following which is not a characteristic of facilitative relationship.

A. Empathy

B. Positive regard

C. Specificity

D. Trust

 

164. Thomas and Evans were given an assignment to work on. They made a lot of rehearsals before presenting their final work in class. Which learning principle were they applying?

A. Assimilation

B. Mental set

C. Multiple responses

D. Partial activity

 

165. Which role among the following is most typical of the teacher in formal teaching?

A. Counseling

B. Directing

C. Facilitating

D. Motivating

 

166. Mr. Amisah has been given a new class. He realizes that they have a pronunciation problem and wants to solve it. Which of the following will guide him most to solve the problem?

A. Law of effect

B. Law of exercise

C. Principles of mental set

D. Principles of multiple response

 

167. Which of the following is the most commonly use aid in the classroom?

A. Cardboard drawings

B. Chalkboard

C. Charts

D. Crayon

 

169. Which among the following is not a type of non-verbal communication?

A. Body movement

B. Gestures

C. Hissing

D. Lisping

 

170. Which of the following is the first step in a discovery process?

A. Alert students on different ways they can perform tasks

B. Draw students attention to the task to be performed

C. Let children determine what they want to do

D. Let children know the importance of the task

 

171. Which kind of play allows children to develop the attitude of waiting for their turn in activities?

A. Associative

B. Co-operative

C. Functional

D. Symbolic

 

172. Which principles of the project method ensures the mental and physical involvement of the learner in the lesson?

A. Activity

B. Freedom

C. Reality

D. Utility

 

173. Which feature of co-operative learning ensures that all learners in the group share the successes they encounter?

A. Assigned roles

B. Joint reward

C. Mutual goals

D. Shared learning

 

174. Mark is a new trained -teacher who wants his class members to learn how to learn from different sources and teach others. Which co-operative activity should he use?

A. Interval reviews

B. Jigsaw arrangement

C. Number heads

D. Think-pair-share

 

175. Which of the following best describes a dyad? ..………..

A. Co-operative group

B. Discussion group

C. Number of group put together

D. Small group with subgroups

 

176. Miss Janet wants to develop information gathering skills in her students, which method should she emphasize among the under listed?

A. Demonstration

B. Discussion

C. Problem solving

D. Simulation

 

178. Which of the following is the main difference between an excursion and fieldwork? Excursions……….

A. Are costly but fieldwork is not

B. Are far from the school but fieldwork is close to the school

C. Are for fun but fieldwork is mainly academic

D. Require permit from the district director but fieldwork does not

 

179. Which method of teaching should be emphasized when teaching children to apply what they learn at school to different situations?

A. Deductive teaching

B. Inductive teaching

C. Innovative teaching

D. Transductive teaching

 

180. Which of the following elements of communication can be most affected by distortion?

A. Channel

B. Message

C. Receiver

D. Source

 

SECTION B

Q1. i) Discussion any FOUR principles of instruction. For each principle, cite an
example of how it is used in the classroom

ii).Explain two reasons why the teacher’s role in the basic school classroom

iii)Explain the problem solving method of teaching

 

Q2.i) Describe any FOUR steps the teacher should take when using the problem
solving method to make it effective

ii) What is expository teaching?

iii) Describe the steps that the teacher should follow to make expository teaching effective

 

Q4. Discuss two use of EACH of the following instructional materials:
a.The chalk board
b.The flannel
c. Pictures
d. Graphic materials
e. Printed materials

 

Q5. a. State and describe any two classroom seating arrangements

b. State two advantages for each of the two classroom seating arrangements

c. Explain any four factors to consider in seating pupils

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