Tertiary Admissions/ Updates

Canada Grading System 2024

Canada Grading System

Explore the Canada Grading System for schools and institutions, this will give you.

Canada uses a different grading system compared to some other countries. The grading system in Canada typically involves letter grades and a grade point average (GPA) based on a 4.0 scale, with some variations between provinces and institutions. Here is a general overview of the Canadian grading system:

Letter Grades:

Canadian schools often use letter grades to assess student performance. These letter grades correspond to specific grade point values. Common letter grades and their equivalent grade points are:
A+ or A: 4.0
A-: 3.7
B+: 3.3
B: 3.0
B-: 2.7
C+: 2.3
C: 2.0
C-: 1.7
D+: 1.3
D: 1.0
F: 0.0 (Fail)

Note; not all schools utilize a +/− system when giving grades. Some just give the generic grade. Some give percentages.

Letter Percent
A+ 95–100%
A 87–94%
A− 80–86%
B+ 77–79%
B 72–76%
B− 70–71%
C+ 67–69%
C 63-66%
C- 60-62%
D+ 57–61%
D 54–56%
D− 51–53%
Fail 0–50%

Level #4: 80–100% (student has demonstrated exemplary performance related to learning outcomes)

Level #3: 70–79% (student has demonstrated a proficient performance related to learning outcomes)

Level #2: 60–69% (student has demonstrated an adequate performance related to learning outcomes)

Level #1: 50–59% (student has demonstrated a very poor performance related to learning outcomes)

Grade Point Average (GPA):

Canada grading system undergraduate

The GPA is calculated by averaging the grade points of all the courses a student has taken. For example, if a student has taken three courses with grades A, B+, and C, the GPA would be calculated as (4.0 + 3.3 + 2.0) / 3, which equals 3.1. This GPA is often used to assess a student’s overall academic performance.


Some courses may be graded as Pass/Fail instead of using letter grades. If a student passes, it’s usually denoted as “P,” and if they fail, it’s “F.” These grades typically do not affect the GPA.

Incompletes (I) and Withdrawals (W):

“I” is used when a student is unable to complete the course requirements due to valid reasons, and “W” is used when a student withdraws from a course. These do not impact the GPA.

Audit (AU):

Students who audit a course, meaning they attend but do not receive a grade, may receive an “AU” on their transcript.

Not Applicable (N/A):

This grade is used when a course’s grade does not apply to a student’s program or GPA.

It’s important to note that grading scales and policies can vary between educational institutions and provinces in Canada. Additionally, some institutions may use different variations of letter grades, like +/- or A, A-, A+, while others may have additional grades like “S” for Satisfactory or “U” for Unsatisfactory. Always check with your specific school or program to understand their grading system and policies.

Grading scale for Grades 10–12
Letter Per cent Explanation
A 86–100% Excellent or outstanding
B 73–85% Very good
C+ 67–72% Good
C 60–66% Satisfactory
C- 50–59% Minimally acceptable
IE 0–49% Insufficient evidence of learning (missing assignments)
F 0–49% Fail; can only be attained if “IE” was previously assigned for that course.
W (nil) The student has withdrawn from this course.



Peter N. Djangmah is a multifaceted individual with a passion for education, entrepreneurship, and blogging. With a firm belief in the power of digital education and science, I am affectionately known as the Private Minister of Information. Connect with me

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